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Hypertension Treatment



Measuring Blood PressureOptimally, blood pressure should be 120/80 or less. If you have high blood pressure, you may be able to lower or keep your high blood pressure down by:

  • Eating fewer foods high in salt and sodium.
  • Cutting back on alcoholic beverages.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Being active every day. Regular exercise is one of the most important ways to maintain a healthy blood pressure.

Medications. You may also need medicine to lower your high blood pressure. Some examples of popular blood-pressure-lowering medications are:

  • Atenol® (atenolol) is a leading cardioselective beta-blocker for hypertension. Beta blockers target nerves in the heart and blood vessels, making the heart pump at a slower rate. The heart doesn't have to work as hard, and because the heart doesn't beat as fast, there is less pressure in the blood vessels.
  • Altace® (ramipril) belongs in a class of drugs called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. ACE is important because it produces the protein, angiotensin II. Angiotensin II contracts the muscles of most arteries in the body, including the heart, thereby narrowing the arteries and elevating the blood pressure. ACE inhibitors such as ramipril lower blood pressure by reducing the production of angiotensin II, thereby relaxing the arterial muscles and enlarging the arteries.
  • Cardizem CD® (diltiazem HCl) controls high blood pressure (hypertension) and angina (chest pain). Cardizem CD belongs to a group of medications called calcium channel blockers. Calcium channel blocking agents affect the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. As a result, they relax blood vessels and increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide is an antihypertensive and a diuretic (a drug that causes the body to excrets water and salt). Hydrochlorothiazide manages hypertension either as the sole therapeutic agent or to enhance the effectiveness of other antihypertensive drugs in the more severe forms of hypertension.

What’s Ahead? Because our population is getting older and is also showing effects from being sedentary and overweight, we anticipate that the incidence of hypertension will increase. There will be a growing need to prevent and treat this condition. We will be attempting to provide a useful source of information for staying updated on current prevention and treatment approaches.





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The information about senior health presented here is not meant to be medical advice nor to act as a substitute for medical advice. Serious side-effects, including death, could result if one were to take any prescription medicine without the supervision of a physician.




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